When writing and/or reading IEPs present levels and constructing annual goals we need to be aware of the components that need to be in every IEP goal. View the National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities website for additional information. The components that need to be included in the goal when considering the use of assistive technology are (1) Area of need (2) Direction of Change (3) Level of Attainment (4) Functional Task child needs to complete (5) if additional training may be required.
This post will provide five examples of IEPs including their present levels and the annual goal. Each IEP goal leaves room to add assistive technology, I will identify the best technology device/software for each goal.
1. Present Level of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance: Steven is a four-year-old boy diagnosed with pervasive developmental disorder. His placement is in an Early Childhood classroom. He is able to understand and comprehend when spoken to, but does not communicate his needs consistently. When choices are simplified and broken into steps, Steven will try to communicate wants and needs. Peer interactions are limited.
Annual goal: Steven will use a picture board or voice output device to express wants and needs adults and peers in both home and school at least four times each day.
2. Present Level of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance: Jeff likes to interact with his family. He enjoys eating and being involved in meal time and other functional activities in the home. He has not been able to participate in cooking or cleaning except to look toward the item that is needed next, or make a sound when his mother purposely “forgets” something.
Annual Goal: Jeff will use a single switch to activate adapted utensils and appliances to assist family members in targeted functional household tasks during three out of four opportunities.
3. Present Level of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance: Brandon communicates by using unintelligible vocalizations. He will physically obtain desired items independently and indicates refusal by pushing objects/people away. Brandon currently understands cause/effect relationships and will activate a switch with voice output to obtain a desired activity. It is questionable whether he understands the specific meaning of the utterance he has produced or if he simply knows that pressing the switch earns him an activity.
Annual Goal: Brandon will select activities and interact with peers/adults within those activities four out of five times when provided with voice output devices.
Annual Goal: Eric will use a computer or portable word processor to complete 100% of his assignments in 10th grade English and Civics classes.
5. Present Level of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance: Kelly is in the third grade classroom for most of his day. He has a full time paraprofessional who assists him. He is unable to use a standard keyboard because of his physical limitations. Additionally, his speech is frequently unintelligible. He currently uses single message and multiple message voice output devices, eye gaze, and limited direct selection to complete his academic work. Kelly is functioning at about the second grade level in most curricular areas.
Annual Goal: Kelly will use an adapted keyboard with custom overlays and a computer with talking word processing to complete all academic work.
All IEPS, present levels and annual goals were written by the Wisconsin Assistive Technology Initiative.